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Evidence-Based Treatments at CFI

Cognitive & Behavioral Therapies

Evidence-based treatments (EBTs) include cognitive and behavioral therapies (CBTs) that seek to identify and change self-destructive or unhealthy thoughts, feelings and behaviors. These therapies are based on the idea that behaviors are learned, and unhealthy behaviors can be changed. They concentrate on a person’s views and beliefs, not on personality traits.

Successful treatment does not assume problems have a single cause, nor does it need to identify causes. Family background, genetic and biochemical influences, along with individual and social factors, may be part of the disorder’s development.

What cognitive and behavioral therapies have in common

    • Therapists have theoretical and technical expertise, but clients are the expert on themselves.
    • Therapy helps clients identify and understand factors causing distress and preventing progress, while discovering their capacity for positive thought and behavior.
    • Therapy is individualized and goal-oriented— requiring active participation in and out of session, with therapists and clients together tracking progress toward goals throughout treatment. 
    • Therapy is short-term and typically delivered over a discrete timeframe—4-8 months vs. traditional psychotherapies that may span many years.
    • Learned skills require practice. Treatment may continue after setting new goals for the next phases of therapy. 
    • Unhealthy thoughts or behaviors may accidentally get “rewarded” and contribute to their greater frequency.
    • End goals for clients are to resolve present-day problems through a step-by-step process. While not ignoring past or early learning experiences, the main focus is on reducing distress and related symptoms that impair current functioning.

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